Acne can be irritating and frustrating, well this needs no introduction. But to those who have suffered the aftermath of the scars that are left behind after the acne – know that there are even worse off things than the acne itself – the acne scars! Taking a look at what these are and what are the ways under the sun that we can use to treat them, is what we will be focusing in this article – staying tuned here will surely bring a thing or two of help!
As a thumb rule it is advised, before embarking on that acne scar treatment journey, that one must get rid of all acne – as active breakouts may end up wastening the whole effort and pop up new scars. It is also imperative to know that few of the mentions in the latter part of this article may be used in parallel with the regular acne medications and others have to be consumed with much caution. So let’s kick it off!
- The AHAs – Alpha hydroxy acids are quite helpful in removing the dead skin cells and preventing clogged pores. These are a staple ingredient in many products used to treat acne scars. The AHAs also help reduce the appearance of the acne scars.
- Retinoids – with the smoothing effects on acne scars, the retinoids are much preferred also due to their ability to speed up the recovery by enhancing regeneration of cells and improving the texture of the skin. Very helpful in reducing the skin discoloration as well, retinoids are suggested to be used mindfully as they may make your skin more sensitive to the sun rays.
- Salicylic acid – it is highly probable that you’ve already used salicylic acid in one form or the other in treating acne as these are almost in every product these days from pads to spot treatments. Majorly used in their cleanser format – salicylic acids are good for exfoliation of the skin and clearing the impurities from within.
- Sunscreen – as obvious as it may sound, most of us don’t utilise to the fullest – the sunscreen. It is pivotal in defending your sensitive skin against the sun and also has active ingredients to protect acne development.
- Lactic acid – back in 2010, dermatologists performed a small group treatment with lactic acid and found that when used to peel the acne impacted skin, lactic acid proved of significant benefit in improving skin texture, appearance, and pigmentation.
Acne scars can pop out as a result of increased secretion of oily sebum by the skin, microcomedones, comedones, papules, nodules (large papules), pustules. It has also been brought to light through various studies and researches that acne scars may even lead to psychological and social problems in different demographics of the society. In this light here is a quick list of few of the many causes that may lead to acne scars:
- Genetic inheritance – this is the leading cause attributed to contraction of acne. If acne has been a problem faced by your parents and grandparents – chances are high that you or siblings might contract them as well. Remaining a step ahead and following a proper preventive routine may be a good decision.
- Hormonal imbalance – with an imbalance in the hormonal secretion in the body, many different kinds of problems may tend to arise. Acne is probably among the fastest to show and also can be considered as early warning signs of something worse at the doorstep. It is better to treat them at the earliest in this case.
- Infections – anaerobic bacterial infectious are the leading infectious causes for acne. Though the exact role of the bacterial species is not known to the medical practitioners yet.
- Dietary problems – due to lack of high quality evidence the relationship between diet and acne has not found a proper shape in the research journals but still it is believed to be an underlying cause of acne in many people. As improper diet leads to inflammation and burning – consequently acne has been observed to appear.